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CNS Tumors | Diffuse astrocytic and oligodendroglial tumors
Glioblastoma
Variant: Gliosarcoma


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Contents



CASE REPORTS


CLASSIFICATION


DIAGNOSIS, PRESENTATION


EPIDEMIOLOGY, RISK FACTORS


ETIOLOGY, PATHOGENESIS, PATHOLOGY


FOLLOW-UP, QUALITY OF LIFE


INTEGRATIVE MEDICINE


OVERALL MANAGEMENT


PROGNOSIS


TREATMENT



Case reports




ANGIOSARCOMATOUS COMPONENT



Jiang N, Larrazabal R, Alsunbul W, Lu JQ.
Angiosarcomatous component in gliosarcoma: case report and consideration of diagnostic challenge and hemorrhagic propensity.
J Biomed Res. 2019 Dec 20. 2020;34(2):143–148. Doi 10.7555/JBR.33.20190080. _



GLIOSARCOMA INVASION INTO THE ORBITS


Case report

Jeng F, Reynolds A.
Retrobulbar chlorpromazine injection in a child with gliosarcoma invasion into the orbits.
BMJ Case Rep. 2020 Jun 9. 2020;13(6):e233394. Doi 10.1136/bcr-2019-233394. _



GLIOSARCOMA OF CEREBELLO-PONTINE ANGLE



Yoon GY, Oh HJ, Oh JS, Yoon SM, Bae HG.
Gliosarcoma of Cerebello-Pontine Angle: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.
Brain Tumor Res Treat. 2018 Oct 30. 2018;6(2):78-81. Doi 10.14791/btrt.2018.6.e11. _



GLIOSARCOMA OF THE OPTIC NERVE



Cimino PJ, Sychev YV, Gonzalez-Cuyar LF, Mudumbai RC, Keene CD.
Primary Gliosarcoma of the Optic Nerve: A Unique Adult Optic Pathway Glioma.
Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 2016 Oct 11. Doi 10.1097/IOP.0000000000000798. _



METASTATIC GLIOSARCOMA



Anderson KJ, Tan AC, Parkinson J, Back M, Kastelan M, Newey A, Brewer J, Wheeler H, Hudson AL, Amin SB, Johnson KC, Barthel FP, Verhaak RGW, Khasraw M.
Molecular and clonal evolution in recurrent metastatic gliosarcoma.
Cold Spring Harb Mol Case Stud. 2020 Jan 2. 2020;6(1):a004671. Doi 10.1101/mcs.a004671. _



EXTRACRANIAL METASTASIS



Choi MG, Lee JH, Lee MS, Suh SJ, Lee YS, Kang DG.
Primary Gliosarcoma with Extracranial Metastasis.
Brain Tumor Res Treat. 2020 Apr 30. 2020;8(1):53-56. Doi 10.14791/btrt.2020.8.e9. _



OLIGOSARCOMA



Tanaka S, Hitotsumatsu T, Sugita Y, Ishido K, Ito O, Hatae R, Akagi Y, Yoshimoto K, Iihara K.
Gliosarcoma arising from oligodendroglioma (Oligosarcoma): A case report with genetic analyses.
Pathol Int. 2018 Sep 23. 2018;68(10):567-573. Doi 10.1111/pin.12723. _



Diagnosis, Presentation




IMAGING



Peckham ME, Osborn AG, Palmer CA, Tsai A, Salzman KL.
Gliosarcoma: Neuroimaging and Immunohistochemical Findings.
J Neuroimaging. 2018 Oct 8. 2019(1):126-132. Doi 10.1111/jon.12565. _



Etiology, Pathogenesis, Pathology



Smith DR, Wu CC, Saadatmand HJ, Isaacson SR, Cheng SK, Sisti MB, Bruce JN, Sheth SA, Lassman AB, Iwamoto FM, Wang SH, Canoll P, McKhann GM Nd, Wang TJC.
Clinical and molecular characteristics of gliosarcoma and modern prognostic significance relative to conventional glioblastoma.
J Neurooncol. 2017 Dec 20. 2018;137(2):303-311. Doi 10.1007/s11060-017-2718-z. _



Overall management


Review

Awadalla AS, Al Essa AM, Al Ahmadi HH, Al Ojan A, Muazen Y, Alsayyah A, Alsaif H, Alsafwani NS.
Gliosarcoma case report and review of the literature.
Pan Afr Med J. 2019 Jun 27. 2019;20:914-919. Doi 10.12659/AJCR.916020. _



Review

Meena US, Sharma S, Chopra S, Jain SK.
Gliosarcoma: A rare variant of glioblastoma multiforme in paediatric patient: Case report and review of literature.
World J Clin Cases. 2016 Sep 16. 2016;4(9):302-5. Doi 10.12998/wjcc.v4.i9.302. _



Review

Saadeh F, El Iskandarani S, Najjar M, Assi HI.
Prognosis and management of gliosarcoma patients: A review of literature.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2019 May 14. 2019;182:98-103. Doi 10.1016/j.clineuro.2019.05.008. _



Review

Salvati M, Lenzi J, Brogna C, Frati A, Piccirilli M, Giangaspero F, Raco A.
Childhood's gliosarcomas: pathological and therapeutical considerations on three cases and critical review of the literature.
Childs Nerv Syst. 2006 Mar 16. 2006;22(10):1301-6. DOI 10.1007/s000381-006-0057-z. _



Review

Singh G, Das KK, Sharma P, Guruprasad B, Jaiswal S, Mehrotra A, Srivastava AK, Sahu RN, Jaiswal AK, Behari S.
Cerebral gliosarcoma: Analysis of 16 patients and review of literature.
Asian J Neurosurg. 2015 Jul 22. 2015;10(3):195-202. Doi 10.4103/1793-5482.161173. _



Retrospective study

Zhang Y, Ma JP, Weng JC, Wang L, Wu Z, Li D, Zhang JT.
The clinical, radiological, and immunohistochemical characteristics and outcomes of primary intracranial gliosarcoma: a retrospective single-centre study.
Neurosurg Rev. 2020 Mar 18. Doi 10.1007/s10143-020-01285-4. _



Prognosis



Frandsen S, Broholm H, Larsen VA, Grunnet K, Møller S, Poulsen HS, Michaelsen SR.
Clinical Characteristics of Gliosarcoma and Outcomes From Standardized Treatment Relative to Conventional Glioblastoma.
Front Oncol. 2019 Dec 17. 2019;9:1425. Doi 10.3389/fonc.2019.01425. _




Frandsen J, Orton A, Jensen R, Colman H, Cohen AL, Tward J, Shrieve DC, Suneja G.
Patterns of care and outcomes in gliosarcoma: an analysis of the National Cancer Database.
J Neurosurg. 2017 Jun 16. 2017:1-6. Doi 10.3171/2016.12.JNS162291. _




Huang Q, Li F, Chen Y, Hong F, Wang H, Chen J.
Prognostic factors and clinical outcomes in adult primary gliosarcoma patients: a Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) analysis from 2004 to 2015.
Br J Neurosurg. 2019 Dec 12. 2019:1-7. Doi 10.1080/02688697.2019.1699903. _




Smith DR, Wu CC, Saadatmand HJ, Isaacson SR, Cheng SK, Sisti MB, Bruce JN, Sheth SA, Lassman AB, Iwamoto FM, Wang SH, Canoll P, McKhann GM Nd, Wang TJC.
Clinical and molecular characteristics of gliosarcoma and modern prognostic significance relative to conventional glioblastoma.
J Neurooncol. 2017 Dec 20. Doi 10.1007/s11060-017-2718-z. _




Zhang G, Huang S, Zhang J, Wu Z, Lin S, Wang Y.
Clinical outcome of gliosarcoma compared with glioblastoma multiforme: a clinical study in Chinese patients.
J Neurooncol. 2016 Jan 2. 2016;127(2):355-62. Doi 10.1007/s11060-015-2046-0. _



Treatment



Jin MC, Liu EK, Shi S, Gibbs IC, Thomas R, Recht L, Soltys SG, Pollom EL, Chang SD, Hayden Gephart M, Nagpal S, Li G.
Evaluating Surgical Resection Extent and Adjuvant Therapy in the Management of Gliosarcoma.
Front Oncol. 2020 Mar 11;10:337. Doi 10.3389/fonc.2020.00337. _




Kakkar N, Kaur J, Singh GK, Singh P, Siraj F, Gupta A.
Gliosarcoma in Young Adults: A Rare Variant of Glioblastoma.
World J Oncol. 2017 May 4. 2017;8(2):53-57. Doi 10.14740/wjon998w. _